Business Today | Avneet Kaur | June 16, 2016 |
National Employability Report, 2016 by Aspiring Minds for the first time this year looked into the employability of specialised and new careers that are available to engineers, other than core IT and software roles. It revealed that less than 8 per cent of Indian engineers are employable in core engineering roles. The nationwide analysis based on a sample of 150,000 engineers showed that most engineers lacked the necessary skills to work in the large industry. Low employability of engineers will impede the growth of manufacturing in India in a big way, and needs immediate intervention. The government’s ambitious Make in India initiative aspires to create manufacturing capacity in India and generate 100 million jobs by 2022. Such manufacturing workforce will be managed and led by a huge number of engineers in various fields such as mechanical engineering, civil and electrical engineering. Engineers will also largely contribute to product designs, enhancement and implementation.
“There are several problems with regard to employability in core engineering roles. Firstly, we need to excite students about these jobs. Everyone’s focus today is on IT. We want students to design and build things. Secondly, we need emphasis on the basics, for instance, basic electrical engineering, basic concepts of mechanics and so on. In our analysis, we find, students do not have these basic concepts right. Thirdly, there is a huge need of a curriculum revamp and to bring in new teaching methods and technology.” said Varun Aggarwal, CTO of Aspiring Minds. “The science of manufacturing has moved way ahead but we continue to teach outdated concepts to students. For India to become the world’s manufacturing hub, we need to lead from the front in our understanding of cutting edge methods, knowledge-driven management and implementation capability.” he added. Employability in the domain specific roles as reported is the highest for electronics engineers at 7.07 per cent, which is considerably lower when compared to employability in IT roles like software engineer. IT services and associate ITeS operations (hardware networking) employability stands at 17.91 per cent and 37.06 per cent, respectively. The lowest employability percentage has been recorded for the chemical design engineer role at 1.64 per cent.
Employability Percentage of Engineering Graduates in Different Roles
The study on employability across metros reveals higher employability in Delhi and Mumbai with employability for the electronics design engineer role as high as 19 per cent followed by cities like Bengaluru, Kolkata and Hyderabad. The lowest employability figures across roles are observed in Chennai with employability for the Civil Design Engineer role as low as 1 per cent.
Employability Percentage in different Metro cities
The study on employability across metros reveals higher employability in Delhi and Mumbai with employability for the electronics design engineer role as high as 19 per cent followed by cities like Bengaluru, Kolkata and Hyderabad. The lowest employability figures across roles are observed in Chennai with employability for the Civil Design Engineer role as low as 1 per cent. The study of employability by gender reveals relatively equal employability amongst males and females in core engineering roles. In spite of equal employability the ratio of males to females employed in the industry is very low. This breaks the general stereotype that girls aren’t good at core engineering roles. Employability for roles like Civil Design Engineer and Mechanical Design Engineer is higher for females than males standing at 6.53 per cent and 6.19 per cent respectively. – Courtesy / Download (56 pages) : National Employability Report – Engineers Annual Report 2016